In system, process is a unit of done. A process is a set of sequential step that are required to do a particular task. It is an instance of program in execution. Process needs certain resources such as CPU time, memory and I/O devices to accomplish its task. These resources are allocated to the process either when it is created or while it execution.
A process can be identified in operating system by it following components:
- The object program to be executed.
- The data on which program will execute.
- The status of the process execution.
- The resources that process is utilizing