The Case Statement

Case is a flow control construct that provides for multi-way branching based on patterns. Program flow is controlled on the bases of the word given. This word is compared with each pattern in order until a match is found, at which point the associated command (s) are executed. This syntax is:

case word in
pattern 1) command (s)
pattern 2) command (s)
pattern n) command (s)

When all the commands are executed control is passed to the first statement after the esac. Each list of commands must and with double semi-colon (;;).