Soils in India

Soils

  • The soils of India is various types of soils such as Black soil, Red soil, Peaty & Marshy soil, Alluvial etc.
  • The upper layer of Earth in which plants grow,a black or dark brown material typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains,clay and rock particles.

  • The upper layer of Earth that may be dug or plowed and in which plants grow.

  • To feed (livestock) in the barnor an enclosure with fresh grass or green food also to purge (livestock)by feeding on green food.

  • A stiff, sticky fine-grained earth,typically yellow,red or bluish-gray in colour and often forming an impermeable layer in the soil.it can be molded when wet and is dried and baked to make bricks,pottery and ceramics.

Types of soils and Crops produce of states in India

  1. Alluvial soil is a rich in potash and lime but deficient in nitrogen and phosphoric acid. produce in large variety of Rabi & Kharif Crops such as wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton and jute etc. Like States Punjabi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar & Jharkhand.

  2. Black soil is a rich in iron, lime, aluminium, magnesium, calcium but lacks in nitrogen, Phosphorus and humus.produce in cotton, sugarcane, Jowar, tobacco, wheat & rice.Like daccan plateas, valleys of Krishna and Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Tamil nadu.
  3. Desert soil Is a rich in soluable salts, but deficient in organic matter. Generally unsuitable for cultivation, but with irrigation useful for cultivation of drought-resistant lime, Millet, barely, cotton, maize and pulses.like West and north-west India, Rajasthan, North Gujarat and southern Punjab.
  4. Laterite soil Is a rich in iron but poor in silica, lime, Phosphorus, potash and humus.produce Tea, Coffee, Rubber, Cashew and Millets. Like summits of eastern and western ghats, Assam hills, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, West Bengal and Odisha.
  5. Mountain soil is a rich in iron and humus, but deficient in lime. produce with fertilizers, tea, fruits and medicinal plants can be grown.Like hills of Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Assam hills.
  6. Peaty and Marshy soil is a contain large amount of soluable salts and organic matter,but lack in potash and phosphates. Produce useful for rice and jute cultivation. Like Kerala, coastal regions of Odisha,Tamil Nadu and Suderbans of West Bengal.
  7. Red soil is a rich in iron and potash but deficient in lime, nitrogen Phosphorus and humus.produce wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane and pulses. Like eastern parts of Deccan plateau, Tamil nadu, Geo, Odisha and Meghalaya.
  8. Saline and alkaline soil is a many salts such as sodium, magnesium and calcium.produce unfit for agriculture. Like drier parts of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan and Maharashtra.