- Industrial policies were launched in 1948, 1956, 1977, 1980, and 1991.
- Industrial policy 1956 is called Economic constitution of India and gave public sector the strategic edge.
- To impart greater managerial and commercial autonomy to the PSEs, the concept of Navratnas and Miniratnas was started in 1997.
Maharatnas, Navratnas and Miniratnas
- To impart greater managerial and commercial autonomy the PSEs, the concept of Maharatna. Navratna and Miniratna was started.
- Maharatnas were started in 2009. Eight Maharatnas are ONGC, SAIL, IOC, NTPC, Coal India Ltd. BHEL,GAIL India Ltd. and BPCL.
- Navratnas Bharat Electronics Ltd. HAL, PHCL, MTNL, NALCO, National Mineral Development Corporation. Neyveli Lignite Company Ltd. Oil India Ltd. Power Finance Company Ltd. Power Grid corporation of India Ltd.
- Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Ltd. Rural Electrification Corporation Ltd. Shipping Corporation of India Ltd. CCIL, EIL and NBCCL.
- Miniratnas Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs) that have made profit continuously for the last three years or earnd a net profit of ₹30 crore or more in one of three years.
- At present there are 56 in category one and seventeen in category two. NEEPCO is newly added Miniratna in category one.
Dr M S Swaminathan is called the Father of Green Revolution.
Yellow Revolution Oilseeds
White Revolution Milk
Black Revolution Petroleum production
Red Revolution Meat and Tomato Production
Round Revolution Potato
Silver Fiber Revolution Cotton
Blue Revolution Fish
Pink Revolution Shrimp
Grey Revolution Wool
Evergreen Revolution Overall development of Agriculture
Green Revolution Foodgrains
Golden Revolution Horticulture
Silver Revolution Egg and poultry
Brown Revolution Cocoa
Rainbow Revolution Amalgamation of all above revolutions
- Saffron Energy Revolution for solar energy
- White Revolution for cattle welfare
- Blue Revolution for river and sea.
Stock Exchange of India
A stock exchange provides services for brokers and traders to trade stocks, bonds, and other securities.
The Bombay Stock Exchange is a stock exchange located on Dalal Street, Mumbai and is the oldest stock exchange in Asia. The BSE has the largest number of listed companies in the world. It is called BSE 35 also.
The National Stock Exchange is the 16th largest stock exchange in the world. It is situated in Mumbai.